The surgical process for the removal of uterus is termed as Hysterectomy. Uterus is a part of the reproductive system in females. Severe abnormal condition in the uterus may require its removal. However, first we should learn what are the probable health conditions that may call for a hysterectomy procedure.
As mentioned earlier, the uterus is an important section of a reproductive system in women. It is a bag like structure where the unborn baby grows and develops when a woman is pregnant. The menstrual blood covers the uterus through the uterine line. If a woman undergoes hysterectomy, neither would she get her menstrual cycle nor can she be pregnant. This is because, the part of the body that carries menstrual blood as well as the fetus will be completely removed.
Reason to go for Hysterectomy
If there are any anomalies in the uterus, your doctor will try certain medical treatments in order to fix them. Diagnostic tests are performed in order to learn about the severity of such problems related to the uterus. If at all no treatment measures work to fix these issues, hysterectomy can be suggested.
Mentioned below are some of the common health conditions that affect may affect the uterus requiring hysterectomy
Intensive Pain in the Pelvic Region
Women who experience severe pain at the region below their naval, i.e. their pelvic region should consult their physician immediately. If this pain lasts for more than a month, there can be a severe health problem. It may also require uterus removal surgery (hysterectomy) if such symptoms are uncontrolled through treatment measures.
Women suffering from any cancerous condition in or around their reproductive system might require to undergo hysterectomy. Uterine cancer, cancer of the fallopian tubes, ovarian cancer or cervical cancer are some of the reason that can be treated by removal of women’s uterus along with the other affected parts of the reproductive system.
Heavy blood loss during periods
Women who undergo heavy periods every month with a huge amount of blood loss can have bad impact on various factors of their health. Heavy periods are medically termed as “menorrhagia.” Also, such issues that occur monthly are also followed with a huge amount of pain called period pain.
Experiencing heavy blood loss during periods doesn’t mean that there is some serious health problem a woman is facing. However, she can get affected physically and emotionally during such a phase. There are certain treatment options that can provide women with some comfort. Doctors can prescribe medicines to such women that can ease their pain and make them feel better.
However, for excess blood loss condition, a uterus removal surgery is the optimal solution. Women who undergo hysterectomy will not get their periods after the uterus is removed. Also, they cannot give birth, once the uterus is removed.
Formation of fibroids
An abnormal formation of fibroids (non cancerous) can be harmful to women in many ways. Fibroids are made up of fibrous tissues and muscles that can cause many issues in and around the sections they exist. These may vary in size in the course of time.
The common symptoms of fibroids include heavy periods, pain in the lower back region, constipation, unusual pain during periods, stomach ache, frequent urination, discomfort or pain during sexual activity. It can be a reason for infertility in women and can also affect pregnancy.
Fibroids can be dealt with medication; however, if treatment options do not work on this health problem, it can be operated with surgery.
Hysterectomy : Here is what you should know
Hysterectomy is a surgery that involves removal of uterus, detaching and discarding it out of your system. Based on the extent of removal, hysterectomy is divided into four sub types. Also, hysterectomy can be sub-classified into three types based on the methodology used. Let us learn about both.
The basic sub-types of hysterectomy are:
Hysterectomy procedure performed to eliminate uterus and cervix is called as total hysterectomy. This is the most common sub-type of hysterectomy.
Total Hysterectomy along with Salpingectomy and Oophorectomy: In this surgery procedure, the surgeon removes your uterus along with cervix, ovaries and fallopian tubes. Surgical removal of ovaries is termed as oophorectomy and surgical removal of fallopian tubes is termed as salpingectomy.
In this operation, only the uterus is removed.
This surgery procedure involves removal of the uterus as well as the tissues that surround it. Some parts of the vagina is also discarded along with fallopian tubes, lymph glands, ovaries and fatty tissues.
Hysterectomy is sub-classified as per the following three methods of surgery:
In this methodology, hysterectomy is performed by accessing through the abdominal cavity. Incision is made around the abdomen to get access to your uterus and other parts of women’s reproductive system in order to discard it out of their body through surgery.
In this surgery technique, hysterectomy is conducted by accessing through the vaginal opening. A minute cut is made on the upper part of the vagina to access the womb which is to be removed. Other necessary organs that needs to be removed can also be accessed from this incisional point.
This surgery procedure is similar to that of the abdominal hysterectomy except for the size of incision. Hysterectomy is performed with minimal access to your abdominal region. This surgery is also termed as key-hole surgery.
Depending upon your age factor, your health complications and other factors, your doctor will suggest you to go for the feasible type and method of hysterectomy. Ensure you follow all the necessary instructions before entering the surgery room.
The above article entails everything about hysterectomy. Learn about the types and classification of hysterectomy and why and when is it required. Consult your health expert if you have any doubts and inquire about everything before you go for the surgery.